Child of Historic Little Tokyo Grocer Leads Big Nisei Veterans Stamp Effort

February 6, 2016

If you haven’t already heard, people across the country are still pushing for a US commemorative postage stamp that would tell the story of the 33,000 Japanese Americans who enlisted in the US Army despite the internment camps of World War II.

Many people don’t realize that this grassroots campaign started in California, and that the daughter of a historic grocery store owner in Los Angeles’ Little Tokyo is one of the leaders of the campaign. Her name is Chizuko “Chiz” Ohira (Akiyama). She turned 88 years old last August. She and her supporters have big plans in store to help people remember these often-overlooked American veterans.

KM Akiyama Co.Her father was Issei pioneer, Masao Akiyama. “Issei” means the first generation immigrants who came to the US from Japan. Mr. Akiyama owned and operated “K.M. Akiyama Company,” a well-known store near the corner of San Pedro and First Streets. The Japanese American National Museum is home to the video archives of the Masao Akiyama Collection, with portions viewable online. Ohira can be seen as a young girl in this online footage. Her father took home movies before the war, and they are now preserved at the museum. Two snapshots from those movies are included in this article, courtesy of the museum.  Click here for a link to the movie Masao Akiyama Collection, Archival, Discover Nikkei.

Chiz c.1940 Ohira was just 12 years old when World War II broke out. After Executive Order 9066 was signed into law on February 19, 1942, over 120,000 Japanese Americans living on the West Coast were forced into ten major internment camps. Two-thirds were American citizens. That spring, Ohira and her family were forced onto buses in front of the old Union Church just down the street from their store. Eventually they ended up at the Poston, Arizona internment camp. Poston was divided into three smaller camps, and her family was sent to Poston One.

Asked why she started the campaign back in 2005, with friends Aiko O. King (88) and Fusa Takahashi (88), Ohira said, “We discussed the necessity to carry out the Go For Broke tradition.” “Go For Broke” was the motto of the 100th/442nd Regimental Combat Team, meaning, ‘Go for your goal with everything you’ve got!’

442 group“It’s important to remember the veterans because it was a small battalion, and they worked hard to make a lasting impression,” Ohira pointed out. “Those guys were great because they were ostracized and still fought hard.”

The loyalty of the Nisei was questioned by the US government after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan. “Nisei” is the Japanese word to describe Americans born to parents from Japan. Nisei who enlisted in the US Army were placed in segregated units. Most were in the 100th/442nd, but many were interpreters, translators, and intelligence gatherers in the US Army’s Military Intelligence Service, as well. Ohira’s late husband, Ted, was a legendary 100th/442nd member of “H Company.”

MIS_2_MerrillsMaraudersThe Japanese Americans who served are one of the most acclaimed groups in US military history. The 100th/442nd would become the most decorated unit of the war with over 18,000 medals, 9000 plus Purple Hearts, and 21 Medals of Honor, all earned within just two years of service during the war. The MIS earned a Presidential Unit Citation, and were critical in winning the war against Japan. Their service is credited with shortening the war by two years. The MIS also served important post-war roles in the Allied Occupation of Japan. Both groups were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2011.

“Ted volunteered from Hawaii,” Ohira explained. “I think he volunteered because he lived in Honolulu and he saw the bombing of Pearl Harbor. He and his friends wanted to join the Army after that.” Ted Ohira was only 17 years old, and under the age requirement to serve in the Army at the time. But, the story goes, he wanted to serve so much that he tricked his parents to sign his enlistment papers just so he could join.

Ted Ohira was featured in the 1951 movie, “Go For Broke.” He can be seen playing the ukulele in the opening scene. “ Ted was good for the troops,” Ohira said. “He could sing and entertain them.” He would go on to serve in the military with great honor, awarded the Purple Heart and two Bronze Stars during the war. He fought in five major campaigns during the war, including in the famed Rescue of the Lost Battalion, when the 100th/442nd took heavy casualties to rescue 211 men from a Texas battalion that became surrounded by the Germans.

Chiz 2007Ohira and her supporters are re-launching the stamp campaign this year to honor veterans like her late husband. The campaign is co-founded with Fusa Takahashi, who is also a widow of a Nisei veteran. Close friend Aiko O. King is also a founder. The campaign coalition includes family members and friends of the veterans, Emmy Award-winning film producer Jeff MacIntyre, and even actor George Takei. Many national organizations, including the Japanese American National Museum, Simon Wiesenthal Center – Museum of Tolerance, American Jewish Committee, and the Organization of Chinese Americans, have voiced past support for Ohira’s campaign. Prominent organizations are again encouraged to voice their renewed support and join in this coalition.

This month, the campaign is encouraging individuals to contact their members of Congress to sign a new Congressional letter of support which asks the Postmaster General to green light the stamp for these veterans. Another initiative this month will be an online White House petition to begin on February 19th, coinciding with the Day of Remembrance for the internment camps. The White House petition, if it can get 100,000 signers within 30 days, will get an official response from the President, or an official from his Administration. Though it is not a guarantee of a stamp, to get the President’s attention would be a major success. Signing the petition just requires the signer to be 13 years or older with a valid email address, which must be verified during the signing process.

The campaign hopes to gather enough support this year to make a push for a veterans stamp to be issued to coincide with the 75th commemoration of Executive Order 9066 and the internment next year, in 2017. The stamp would be the first of its kind to record such an important Asian American story on a stamp. Very few US stamps have ever even featured an Asian face. None has featured a historical Asian American event. Among the World War II series of stamps to commemorate 50 years since the war, in 1991-1995, Japanese Americans (and all Asian Americans) were left out of any depictions of Americans in uniform, despite their prominence in the war.

“I think the stamp is important because it’s not just a toy or something insignificant,” Ohira emphasized. “The stamp is a permanent thing. When people receive letters they do look at the stamp, right? I think it reaches people at many different levels.”

You can follow the campaign and help support their efforts on this website, on their Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/niseistamp, and on Twitter, https://twitter.com/StampOurStory.

View the historic movies from the Masao Akiyama Collection of the Japanese American National Museum, visit http://www.janm.org/collections/homemovies.

Watch for the White House petition online starting on February 19th through our website and on social media. Supporters are encouraged to “like” the campaign’s Facebook page, and to tell their friends and family, and organizations they belong to, to join in this nationwide movement.

STAMP CAMPAIGN UPDATE, JANUARY 29, 2016

CAMPAIGN SEEKS HELP TO HONOR NISEI VETERANS THROUGH MEMORIAL STAMP

FusaAikoInterviewThe World War II internment of Japanese Americans has been in the national spotlight after some politicians reacted to the recent terrorist attacks with suspicion of all Muslim immigrants, and even calls for new internments. In the wake of these events, three Nisei ladies from California are pushing for a US commemorative postage stamp featuring the National Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II. The Memorial, located near Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., tells the story of the internment and the 33,000 Japanese Americans who responded to wartime hysteria and prejudice against them by enlisting in the U.S. Army, and serving with great valor. JACL members are being asked to help in this revived effort.

“If cartoon characters can get a postage stamp, we certainly can get a stamp that honors the inspiring story of these Americans, “ explained Fusa Takahashi, one of the campaign’s founders. “Many people don’t know the Nisei soldiers’ story. The government took away their rights and imprisoned them behind barbed wire fences, yet without hesitation, they stepped up to serve their country and became one of the most decorated units in history.” Her late husband, Kazuo Takahashi, was one of the Nisei who served in the US Military Intelligence Service during the war. “Nisei” is the Japanese word for the American-born children of immigrants from Japan.

The stamp campaign founders are Fusa Takahashi (88) of Granite Bay, Aiko O. King (88) of Camarillo, and Chiz Ohira (87) of Gardena. Takahashi and Ohira are widows of Nisei veterans. King is a longtime member of the JACL Ventura Chapter. “We are trying hard to get this done while at least some of the Nisei veterans are still around.” King explained. “There aren’t many left.”

In October of 2015, the Postal Service upgraded the ladies’ proposal for the Memorial to “under consideration” status, which is the final step before a stamp is issued. But hundreds of other proposals are also in the same category waiting to be issued, making the last step perhaps the most difficult. Many stamp subjects that are “under consideration” never make it. So the ladies and their supporters are doubling efforts now.

The trio started the Nisei World War II Stamp Campaign in 2005, with the help of many JACL members.   It began with a stamp proposal focusing solely on the Nisei veterans. But in 2007, the trio learned of an internal policy that is not on the Postal Service’s public list of stamp selection rules. The hidden rule prohibits new stamps from directly honoring military units and veterans groups. After years of trying to get the Postal Service to change this policy without success, last year the ladies decided to compromise and work within the government’s framework. The ladies and their supporters are now pushing for this Memorial stamp instead of a prohibited veteran-focused stamp. “We support the Memorial stamp because the Nisei veterans are at the heart of the Memorial’s story,” said Takahashi. “It also has the best chance to become a stamp soon.”

Takahashi and King are childhood friends from the small California farm town of Cortez, near Turlock, California. Both were incarcerated at the Granada (Amache), Colorado internment camp. They saw their peers enlist in the Army from camp, but some never returned. They kept in touch over the years, and started their campaign after visiting the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles.  “I had a few classmates and friends who were killed in action,” Takahashi said. “When Aiko and I visited the museum, they had a nice display about the Nisei soldiers but I felt the story needed to be told to a broader audience. I later read the Eric Saul speech, ‘America at Its Best,’ and it convinced me we needed to do something. We thought of the stamp.” Historian Eric Saul’s famous speech was originally presented at a reunion of the veterans, and in it, he outlines the motivations and the extraordinary accomplishments of the Nisei veterans.

Takahashi and King gathered with supporters on Sunday, December 20, 2015, in Los Angeles at the University of Southern California. They discussed the campaign and plans for a stamp to honor the veterans through the Memorial. The ladies were interviewed on camera at a USC studio to document their 10-year campaign, and to ask for support. Parts of the interview will air on the campaign’s website, www.NiseiStamp.org, this year.

The campaign began at the grassroots level. The ladies first got their friends, family, and their local communities to sign their petitions and send letters of support. They linked up with many JACL members, and it grew to be a nationwide effort. Six state resolutions of support for the stamp were passed in Arizona, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, and Illinois. The Japanese American Veterans Association (JAVA) offered help. JAVA friends from the US joined with French citizens to create a successful petition and letter-writing campaign for the stamp in Bruyeres, France, where Nisei soldiers liberated towns during the war. Past letters of support came from Congress in 2009, and from numerous national organizations including the National JACL Board and the Simon Wiesenthal Center. Even actor/activist George Takei voiced his support in 2007. While the Postal Service has looked at their proposals a few times, it has yet to issue any stamps in response. They learned that the Postal Service is not influenced much by petitions, and that it will take larger actions to succeed, perhaps from Congress.

“We will be seeking a Congressional Letter of Support asking the Postmaster General to green light the stamp,“ explained Campaign Coordinator and Co-Chair Wayne Osako. “Contact your Representative and Senators in Congress to sign the letter which will be circulated in both houses on Capitol Hill this spring. ” JACL members can organize locally to contact their Congress members.

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, over 120,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast were forced from their homes and placed into internment camps. It didn’t matter if the person was an American citizen or not. If that person had any Japanese ancestry and lived in one of the mainland West Coast states, they were put into the camps. Many internees, especially young adults who were born and raised in the US, were upset that their Constitutional rights were being taken away just because of their ancestry. Thousands of Nisei decided to prove their loyalty and serve in the military. These are the Nisei that campaign supporters seek to highlight through the Memorial stamp.

After hearing campaign founder Aiko O. King talk, documentary producer Jeff MacIntyre was intrigued by the Nisei stamp campaign and decided to help. King stood up and spoke about the campaign after a screening of one of his films at the Oxnard Library in California on August 29, 2015. MacIntyre set up his own website, www.TheyDeserveAStamp.org. MacIntyre shares the goal of honoring the veterans on a stamp.

Through the combined efforts of supporters nationwide, the ladies are working hard on the campaign to see it to completion. Takahashi explained, “It is our hope that, through the stamp, we can educate the American public about the unique heroism, sacrifices, and accomplishments made by the Nisei soldiers.”

The Postal Service is under the Executive Branch of government, with the President at the top. Asked if she thinks President Barack Obama might help, Fusa replied, “If I could talk to the President, I would tell him the same thing as I told the Postmaster General in a letter. It is not a complicated story, but it is very compelling and very unique in its nature. I actually did write President Obama in 2009, but I am still waiting for a response. I am sure it probably never even made it to his desk.” Perhaps the President, and the Postmaster General, will hear the new call to action this year with the campaign’s revived efforts. The ladies and their supporters are doing their best to make that happen.